Just for you to understand the influence of freemasonry, there was another follower of Mazzini’s ideas, Giuseppe Garibaldi who was inducted into Freemasonry in 1844, while in exile, and used his networks of Freemasons and socialists, among others, to gain support for Italian unification.
When the members of the Carbonari became affiliated with Mazzini’s Young Italy, the organization was carried from Italy to France as the Charbonnerie, which, like in Italy, was divided into ventes. Members were especially numerous in Paris, where three young men named Bazard, Buchez, and Flotard founded the society in 1821. The primary goal of the association in France was also political, namely to obtain a constitution in which the concept of popular sovereignty could be expressed. The Charbonnerie spread quickly throughout the country, and by the end of 1821, it was the cause of several mutinies among the troops. After several conspirators were executed, the movement’s importance waned, especially as squabbles erupted among the leaders. The Charbonnerie took part in the July Revolution of 1830, but its influence quickly faded after the Bourbons were deposed.
Following this, a Charbonnerie démocratique was formed among French Republicans with the goal of obtaining a republican constitution for the country; however, nothing more was heard of it after 1841. Carbonari could be found in Spain as well, but their numbers and importance were lower than in the other countries.
In the next articles, I will publish the contents of the Carbonari’s Permanent Instruction of the Alta Vendita, which I believe is of utmost importance to understand, so that connections to what is happening in these current times, can be made. Then I will continue with the talk about freemasonry of Attorney John Salza, and talks of others, so that the whole picture about freemasonry is facilitated for clarity.
APA citation. Kirsch, J.P. (1908). Carbonari. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved June 10, 2023 from New Advent: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03330c.htm