“Uonel de Rothschild, of the ‘New Trinity,’ brought the British House into the late 19th century. Uonel was a very powerful man. He ran New Court shrewdly and financed many prominent ventures, such as Cecil Rhodes’ gold and diamond mines and the purchase of the Suez Canal. He was also the first Jewish member of Parliament. His sister, Charlotte, married another member of the ‘New Trinity’, Anselm of Vienna. Another sister married into the soon-to-be extinct Italian House.

Lionel’s brother Anthony – who described the Rothschilds as ‘complete slaves to business,” married a Montefiore, and was knighted by the Queen – thus Sir Anthony de Rothschild. Lionel’s next brother, Nathaniel, was the father of the Mouten Rothschilds. Nathaniel, though of the British House, loved France and moved to Paris in 1851. In 1853 he bought vineyards that became known as Mouton Rothschild, and he lived at these vineyards several months of the year. His descendants, the Mouton Rothschilds, are citizens of France but are of the British House (except that their mother was a French Rothschild, but the male lineage is the most important in the Rothschild family). Another of Lionel’s brothers, Baron Mayer, married a Cohen. Mayer built a spectacular house, Mentmore Towers. Said one woman, ‘I do not believe that the Medicis were ever so lodged at the height of their glory.’ The Mentmore Towers were turned over to Mayer’s daughter, Hannah, when he died. Hannah married the Earl of Roseberry in 1878. The Earl of Roseberry became Prime Minister of England in 1894-95. The Mentmore Towers are still owned today by the son of Hannah, the England in 1894-95. The Mentmore Towers are still owned today by the son of Hannah, the current Earl of Roseberry. The Baron Mayer de Rothschild was a member of Parliament (never made a speech), and loved horse breeding and racing. He was the ‘sporting’ member of the family. When Lionel died in 1979 a new generation of British Rothschild appeared on the scene led by Lionel’s aristocratic son, Nathaniel ‘Natty’ de Rothschild.

Natty took control of New Court, the Rothschild’s British bank. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1865, and then, in 1885, Queen Victoria made him a Lord and he entered the House of Lords – the first Lord Rothschild.”

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