“‘The Baron’s money drained swamps, dug wells and built houses. It founded industries ranging from scent factories to glass works, form wine cellars to bottle manufacturers. The Baron established his own administration in Palestine and his overseers dictated to the farmers exactly what crops were to be grown and where.’

The man who set up the first Zionist Congress was Theodor Herzl. He attempted to get the support for his plans to ‘restore the Jewish state’ from the Rothschilds but many members of the family were opposed to Zionism (the Rothschilds supported those causes which they could profit from and the integration of Jews into the European culture was profitable for them. One Rothschild told Herzl he was an Englishman and proposed to remain one. 1. Edmond on the other hand, was leading a Rothschild plan similar to Herzl’s that slowly created a Jewish state controlled by the family). 1. Edmond did not oppose Zionism, in fact he supported Herzl’s cause, yet he felt Herzl’s plans should not be implemented so soon (they were ‘to be accomplished quietly, stealthily, not by shouting from the roof-tops’), plus he was concerned that Herzl would take away too much Rothschild power over the slowly forming Jewish state. The Baron continued to support his own colonies and though Herzl was socially supported, because his ideas facilitated Rothschild power in Palestine, he was not allowed to implement his plans. 1. Edmond ‘admitted’ that Herzl had been right, and went right on pouring money into the Jewish ‘homeland’. 1. Edmond had a tight-fisted control of the colonies.

‘The Baron was a dictator who expected the colonists to obey him unquestionably.’ In 1901 the Jews in Palestine sent a delegation to the Baron who told him ‘if you wish to save the Yishuv [the -83 Jewish settlement] first take your hands from it, and for once permit the colonists to have the possibility of correcting for themselves whatever needs correcting.’ This upset the Baron. He replied, ‘I created the Yishuv, I alone. Therefore no men, neither colonists nor organizations, have the right to interfere in my plans.’ Herzl was succeeded as President of World Zionism by David Wolffsohn. Wolffsohn got the full support of the Baron. Wolffsohn’s successor was Otto Warburg. Another prominent leader of the Zionists was Chalm Weizmann. Weizmann was on better terms with 1. Edmond than his predecessor, Herzl. Wolffsohn’s successor was Otto Warburg. Another prominent leader of the Zionists was Chalm Weizmann. Weizmann was on better terms with 1. Edmond than his predecessor, Herzl. He made this observation of the Baron after their first visit. ‘In manner be could be both gracious and brutal; and this was the reflex of his split personality; for on the one hand he was conscious of his power and arrogant in the possession of it; on the other hand, he was rather frightened by it, and this gave him a touch of furtiveness.’

The Baron Rothschild told Weizmann be would finance a Hebrew university in Palestine. With Weizmann’s appearance on the scene the Baron became closer to Zionism.”

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